Philippines has an existing law, Republic Act No. 8491 or the “Flag and
Heraldic Code of the Philippines,” which prescribes the proper display
and usage of the Philippine flag and the proper singing of the Philippine
anthem. As symbols of our
nation, utmost reverence and respect shall at all times be accorded to
This page would give the basic pointers on the proper display and
treatment of the Philippine flag in the U.S., and the proper behavior required when
singing the national anthem.
The Philippine Flag
his exile in Hong Kong in 1897, General Emilio Aguinaldo designed the
Philippine flag as it looks today. Mrs. Marcela de Agoncillo sewed it with
the help of her daughter Lorenza and Mrs. Josefina Herbosa de Natividad
(niece of Dr. Jose Rizal). It was made of silk with a white triangle at
the left containing a sunburst of eight rays at the center, a five-pointed
star at each angle of the triangle, an upper stripe of dark blue, and a
lower stripe of red. The white triangle stands for equality and
fraternity; the upper blue stripe for peace, truth and justice; and the
lower red stripe for patriotism and valor. The sunburst of eight rays
inside the triangle represented the first eight provinces that took up
arms against Spain. The three stars symbolize the three major island
groups of the Philippines:
Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
flag which Mrs. Agoncillo made in Hongkong was taken to the Philippines by
General Aguinaldo. It was hoisted officially at Kawit on June 12, 1898, in
connection with the proclamation of Philippine independence. From that
date, it has served as the National Flag of the Philippines.
official Philippine Flag is rectangular in form with an aspect ratio of
1:2, meaning the length of the flag is twice longer than its width. It has
a horizontal band of two colours of equal size, having on top is the royal
blue and red at the bottom. The left end (viewer’s left) of the flag has
a white equilateral triangle (3-sides equal to the width of the flag)
which inside has symbols of 3-stars at each corner and a sun having 8-rays
is in the center of the triangle
How to display the flag in the US:
Some prohibitions on the use of the flag:
For complete information on the protocol of the flag, please visit the
following link: http://www.gov.ph/1998/02/12/republic-act-no-8491/
The Philippine National Anthem
Perlas ng Silanganan
Alab ng puso
Sa Dibdib mo’y buhay.
Duyan ka ng magiting,
Di ka pasisiil
Sa dagat at bundok,
Sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw,
May dilag ang tula
At awit sa paglayang minamahal.
Ang kislap ng watawat mo’y
Tagumpay na nagniningning;
Ang bituin at araw niya,
Kailan pa may di magdidilim
Lupa ng araw, ng luwalhati’t pagsinta,
Buhay ay langit sa piling mo;
Aming ligaya na pag may mang-aapi,
Ang mamatay nang dahil sa iyo.
The Philippine National Anthem was composed by Julian Felipe, a Filipino
music teacher and composer of Cavite. It was first played by the band of
San Francisco de Malabon during the unfurling of the Filipino flag at
Kawit during the declaration of Philippine Independence on 12 June 1898.
For more than a year, the anthem remained without words. Towards the end
of August of 1899, a young poet-soldier named Jose Palma wrote the poem
This poem expressed in elegant Spanish verses the ardent patriotism and
fighting spirit of the Filipino people. It became the words of the anthem,
and today, the anthem is sung in Filipino, its official lyrics translated
by Felipe de Leon, from the original Spanish lyrics in the early 1900s.
The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines mandates that National Anthem should always be sung in the national language and that the rendition of the National Anthem, whether played or sung, shall be in accordance with the musical arrangement and composition of Julian Felipe. Please refer to the following link for the proper music and tempo of the National Anthem: http://nhcp.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/lupang-hinirang-DepEd.mp3
As a sign of respect, all persons shall stand at attention and face the Philippine flag, if there is one displayed, and if there is none, they shall face the band or the conductor. At the first note, all persons shall execute a salute by placing their right palms over their left chests. Those in military, scouting, citizen’s military training and security guard uniforms shall give the salute prescribed by their regulations. The salute shall be completed upon the last note of the anthem. There is never applause after its rendition.
When national anthems from different countries are played, courtesy and long-standing accepted practice indicate that foreign national anthems are played before the host nation's anthem. As such, the "Lupang Hinirang" will be played first followed by the "Star Spangled Banner."
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